Acute Leukaemias (Haematology and blood transfusion)

Cover of: Acute Leukaemias (Haematology and blood transfusion) |

Published by Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Treatment,
  • Haematology,
  • Oncology,
  • Paediatric medicine,
  • therapy,
  • congresses,
  • Leukemia,
  • Prognosis

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsGunther Schellong (Editor), Wolfgang Hiddemann (Editor), Jorg Ritter (Editor)
The Physical Object
FormatPaperback
Number of Pages797
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9058215M
ISBN 103540509844
ISBN 109783540509844

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This chapter covers acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), and includes information on prognostic factors, current standard of care, basic biology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathophysiology, aetiology, and management.

Although the majority of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) achieve complete remission with induction chemotherapy. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was initially subdivided according to morphology (the French-American-British system), which proved helpful in pathologic categorization.

Subsequently, clinical and genomic factors were found to correlate with response to chemotherapy and with overall survival. These included a history of antecedent hematologic disease, a history of chemotherapy or Cited by: 6 - Acute Lymphoid Leukaemias (ALL) and Minimal Residual Disease in ALL.

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. Multiparameter Flow Cytometry in the Diagnosis of Hematologic Malignancies. Edited Acute Leukaemias book Anna Porwit, Author: Giuseppe Basso, Barbara Buldini, Andrea Zangrando.

Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail.

Resources and books. Find out about organisations, support groups, books, videos and other resources to help you cope with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and its treatment.

Cancer Research UK information and support. Cancer Research UK is the largest cancer research organisation in the world outside the USA.

Acute leukaemia is a malignant clonal expansion of a haemopoietic stem cell. Abnormal white cells accumulate in the bone marrow, gradually replacing normal haemopoietic cells. The result is bone marrow failure and the spilling over of abnormal cells into the peripheral blood.

Other tissues may be infiltrated by some types of Acute Leukaemias book leukaemia. Bennett JM, Catovsky D, Daniel MT, Flandrin G, Galton DA, Gralnick HR, et al.

Proposals for the classification of the acute leukaemias. French-American-British (FAB) co-operative group. Br J Haematol. ;33(4)–8. Google Scholar. French Registry of Acute Leukaemia and Myelodysplasic Syndromes.

Age distribution and hemogram analysis of the cases recorded during and classified according to FAB criteria. Cancer, 60, CrossRef Google Scholar. Acute leukemias and related disorders are aggressive neoplasms caused by acquired somatic mutations in early hematopoietic progenitors.

The most obvious pathologic feature in the acute leukemias is the accumulation of undifferentiated blasts in the marrow and other tissues, indicating that, unlike the myeloproliferative disorders, acute leukemias have defects that block or significantly retard.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the myeloid line of blood cells, characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal cells that build up in the bone marrow and blood and interfere with normal blood cell production.

Symptoms may include feeling tired, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection. Occasionally, spread may occur to the brain, skin, or gums. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

“Acute” means that the leukemia can progress quickly, and if not treated, would probably be fatal within a few months. "Lymphocytic" means it develops from early (immature) forms of lymphocytes, a. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) results from accumulation of abnormal myeloblasts, most commonly in the bone marrow, leading to bone marrow failure and death.

Peripheral blood involvement is frequent, while infiltration of organs, most ominously the brain and/or lung is rare and seen most often in patients with high blood blast counts (eg, >50 Of all the translocations, t (15;17) is generally found in acute promyelocytic leukemia.

On the other hand, t (8;21) is a characteristic feature of acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation [24]. Translocation between chromosome 8 and 14 is found in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leu-kemia [25].

This text presents insights into the future of the diagnosis of acute leukaemias and other haematologic disorders, as instrumentation becomes more complex. The book expands on basic and practical knowledge of acute leukaemias beyond the FAB classification. Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) is a distinctive sub-type of acute myeloid leukaemia that has distinct biologic and clinical features.

According to the older French-American-British (FAB) classification of AML, based solely on morphology as determined by the degree of differentiation along different cell lines and the extent of cell maturation (Cheson et al ), APL is sub-typed as AML-M3.

Book • Browse book content This chapter presents nine cases of various acute leukaemias. Final diagnosis includes acute myeloid leukaemia, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, acute myelomonocytic leukaemia, acute monoblastic leukaemia, acute erythroid leukaemia, acute megakaryocytic leukaemia, and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Frederick R. Appelbaum, in Abeloff's Clinical Oncology (Sixth Edition), Abstract. Acute leukemia is the result of a series of mutational events occurring in an early hematopoietic precursor that prevents the progeny of that precursor from maturing normally but allows them to proliferate in an uncontrolled fashion.

The result is the rapid expansion of an immature population of myeloid (in. Leukaemias are broadly divided into: (i) acute leukaemias, which, if untreated, lead to death in weeks or months; and (ii) chronic leukaemias, which, if untreated, lead to death in months or years.

They are further divided into lymphoid, myeloid and biphenotypic leukaemias, the latter showing both lymphoid and myeloid differentiation. Acute. Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of blood cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal blood cells.

These blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells. Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. These symptoms occur due to a lack of normal blood cells.

Reboursiere E, Chantepie S, Gac A-C, Reman O. Rare but authentic Philadelphia-positive acute myeloblastic leukemia: Two case reports and a literature review of characteristics, treatment and outcome. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther. ; 8(1): pp.

28– doi: / Bone Marrow Diagnosis, Third Edition, is an essential resource for pathologists and haematologists who need to report bone marrow trephine biopsies. Practical and highly illustrated this edition has been comprehensively updated whilst remaining succinct and concentrating on the core information necessary to make an accurate diagnosis.

Book Reviews Acute Leukaemias Cytology and Cytochemistry of Acute Leukaemias. Study of Cases. By F. Hayhoe, Dennis Quaglino, and Richard Doll.

(Pp. +ix; illustrated. £3 3s.) London: H.M.S.O. Malignant neoplasms are classified according to their tissue of origin and the extent to which they show differentiation, which may. is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started inthis collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters.

Although most cases of MDS or acute leukemia are sporadic diseases, it is becoming clear that a subgroup of cases is associated with germ line mutations and is familial. 74 A major change to the revision of the WHO classification is the addition of a section on myeloid neoplasms with germ line predisposition, which includes cases of MDS.

Acute undifferentiated leukaemia (AUL) is considered a separate entity in the context of acute leukaemias. AUL is extremely rare in both humans and dogs, has a rapid clinical course and does not. Progenitor B-1 B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is associated with collaborative mutations in 3 critical pathways.

Gough SM, Goldberg L, Pineda M, Walker RL, Zhu YJ, Bilke S, Chung YJ, Dufraine J, Kundu S, Jacoby E, Fry TJ, Fischer S, Panzer-Grümayer R, Meltzer PS, Aplan PD. Blood Adv. Sep 8;1(20) The enigmatic role(s) of.

The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues was last updated in Since then, there have been numerous advances in the identification of unique biomarkers associated with some myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemias, largely derived from gene expression analysis and next-generation sequencing that can significantly improve the.

acute leukemia, the white blood count may remain low because the cells are halted at the blast stage. Acute forms may occur in both adults and children. • Chronic forms: Onset is much slower, often over months or years. Normal cell production may occur as well for a long period of time, but in late stages of chronic disease, the abnormal cells.

AML-MO represents % of all cases of AML and % of all acute leukaemias. Its clinical and biological significance is not yet apparent but. Acute leukaemias (AL) correspond to 25–35% of all cancer cases in children. The aetiology is still sheltered, although several factors are implicated in causality of AL subtypes.

Childhood acute leukaemias are associated with genetic syndromes (5%) and ionising radiation as risk factors. Somatic genomic alterations occur during fetal life and. acute leukaemias and selection of monoclonal antibodies. Data sources: The literature review was obtained through internet, journals and chapters in the relevant books.

Data selection: Relevant articles and chapters on immunophenotyping of acute leukaemias were selected from respected international journals and books in the field. The main reasons for return to the primary acute care service were infection 33/93 (36%), mental status changes 16/93 (17%), cardiac 11/93 (12%), functional decline 9/93 (10%), completed rehabilitation but not safe medically to discharge 6/93 (7%), further leukemia treatment 5/93 (5%), and gastrointestinal 4/93 (4%).

19/33 (58%) of the patients. Leukaemias may be divided into: acute leukaemias: show rapid proliferation of relatively undifferentiated malignant cells; are characterised by the development of bone marrow failure with consequent anaemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia; are the most common leukaemias among children; chronic leukaemias: have a relatively prolonged natural.

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) – This is the most common type of acute leukaemia in adults, with about people diagnosed each year. It becomes more common with age and mostly occurs after Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) – About people are diagnosed each year. Of these, more than are children under Flow cytometry is an integral tool in both the diagnosis and posttherapy evaluation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

The strength of the technology is its capacity for rapid, sequential single-cell analysis with simultaneous evaluation of multiple antigens, thus providing a comprehensive immunophenotype for discrete cellular subpopulations.

As a result, it has become the methodology of choice. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

English [] Noun []. leukaemia (countable and uncountable, plural leukaemias) Alternative spelling of leukemi, Medical Association of South Africa, South African Medical Journal, Vol Issuespage 9, On the other hand, adult respiratory distress syndrome is a prominent complication in patients with acute leukaemia and to this must be added the whole spectrum of opportunistic.

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Immunophenotyping is an essential part of the modern diagnostic workup of acute leukemias and thus for an appropriate treatment of these complex and heterogeneous diseases. It provides a lot of useful information in this setting that transfers directly from laboratory to clinical management of patients.

Lineage definition is the first goal leading to proper initial therapy. In the acute group, AML was more common than ALL, and in the chronic group CML was commoner than CLL.

After subtyping of acute leukaemias with cytochemistry, the study showed in AML, 2 cases of M0 (8%), 6 cases of M1 (25%), 13 cases of M2 (55%), 1 case of M3 (4%), 2 cases of M4 (8%).

No cases of M5, M6 and M7 were detected. N2 - Acute leukaemias are a group of malignancies characterised by the invasion of the bone marrow by immature haematopoietic precursors and differentiation arrest at various maturation steps. Multiplicity of intrinsic and extrinsic factors influences the transformation and progression of leukaemia.Question: Acute Leukaemias Are Characterised By The Accumulation Of Blast Cells In The Bone Marrow And Blood.

Describe TWO Different Diagnostic Tests That Could Be Used To Determine Whether The Leukaemia Is Lymphoid Or Myeloid In Origin; Explain How The Results Of These Tests Would Distinguish Between The Two Types (5 Marks). 1 A B I U S.Flow cytometry immunophenotypic characteristics of monocytic population in acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5), acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).

Methods in Cell Biology; 75 (): –

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